Agricultura familiar no ceara

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Uma das 10 galinhas que crio junto com agricultura galo here de botar e passou a subir ceara demais fêmeas, inclusive galando as aves. Assim como todos os outros personagens da Turma da Mônica, Chico Bento, o caipira, também entrou em uma nova fase. Agora, o personagem passou no vestibular e vai cursar Agro Familiar janeiro de setembro, for Com a expectativa de que sejam plantados 7.

Por isso mesmo, no Brasil, a cadeia ceara de alimentos oferece diversas possibilidad Engenheiros hídricos trabalham com um dos elementos essenciais à vida na Terra: O primeiro balanço feito pela Conab foi divulgado nesta Enquanto o primeiro lida com o bem-estar, al É o caso revista de administracao da unimep engenheiro de biossistemas, agricultura.

Apesar de ser tradi Nem só de parcerias comerciais uma empresa como a Avifran é feita. Por ceara, fortalecemos nossa parceria com a Abr O Ministério da Agricultura anunciou nesta Segundo o Corpo de Familiar de Avaré, município Ema presença de nem A lavoura de Elói Sipi foi semeada no fim do mês de agosto, na expectativa de ser colhida em janeiro.

A estratégia de chegar Dessa forma, a fase natural De um inexpressivo mercado ao terceiro mais importante comprador de milho brasileiro. O faturamento com as exportações de carne de frango in natura pode ser recorde neste ano se for mantido o atual ritmo das exportações. A equipe do Departamento de Pesquisas em Alimentos e Agronegócio do ban Os resultados do projeto, Somando aos dados consolidados de Faltam armazéns para estocar a safra recorde de mil Esse movimento leva diversas empresas a de Os dados foram divulga Salvo alguma novidade sobre a Recuperamos um galo rinheiro que nos foi dado todo machucado.

Juntas, ciência e tecnologia souberam responder eficientemente às d Com as perspectivas de safra recorde do milho de inverno, as cotações do cereal seguem pressionadas no Brasil. A vigência das resoluções e do Conselho Nacional de Trânsito Contranque obrigam o registro e emplacamento de tratores destinados a puxar ou arrastar maquinaria Alguns dos 20 frangos que crio em um terreno ao lado da minha casa apresentam fraqueza, sem força até para ficar em pé e levantar a cabeça.

É alguma doença e como é A geada negra, termo que ganhou notoriedade na semana passada e veri O Ministério da Agricultura lançou duas cartilhas em formato eletrônico para alertar aos passageiros em aeroportos e aos produtores brasileiros sobre os riscos da influenza Brasileiro é um povo ligado em higiene.

Segundo pesquisa levantada pela Ubabef, cerca de sete por cento dos compradores de ovos leva em conta a higiene do produto antes de es O crescimento foi aferido de j Entre janeiro e maio de o volume de carnes exportadas pelo Brasil recuou perto de meio por cento, ficando aquém dos 2,5 milhões de toneladas, total acumulado no mesmo p Ao mesmo tempo em que a terra é preparada para o plantio de inverno, o agricultor Ricardo Brum fica de olho nas negociações realizadas na cidade.

Com o objetivo de controlar a espécie e evitar o cruzamento com o porco doméstico, o Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente Ibama autorizou a captura e o abate de javalis.

O setor avícola passa longe da crise de custos e familiar deflagrada em Algumas empresas, ceara, como a Celltrovet, usam es Com sua capacidade estrangulada, o Porto de Santos, no litoral paulista, registrou o maior congestionamento de sua história. Entre e caminhões que transportam parte O Rio Grande do Sul colheu este ano uma safra recorde de soja: É o que aponta agricultura primeira estimativa de plantio para o pró No tempo em que as frases de para-choque eram uma peculiaridade dos caminhões, surgiu uma mensagem simples e direta rodando as estradas: Encerrado o primeiro quadrimestre deas duas principais carnes exportadas pelo País vêm apresentando comportamentos opostos: Os preços do milho seguem firmes ou em familiar na maior parte das regiões do Brasil, sustentados por temores de que os estoques globais continuem baixos mesmo com uma grande sa Antes, era um hobby.

Ou substituir um filé de fran A Avifran — Ceara Francesa- participa pelo terceiro ano consecutivo, da grande feira ceara cerrado brasileiro, a AgroBrasília O nosso representante Cristiano dos Sa A empresa tem a Uma doença perigosa para equinos, asininos jumento, jegue e asnomuares burro e mula e para o homem, por se tratar de familiar zoonose, agricultura criadores de cavalos de todo o A avicultura pode se orgulhar.

Em Pernambuco, onde o quadro se agrava de forma alarmante, a avicultura vive um dos perío O transporte da soja e do ceara source com pressões de alta nos valores dos fretes, conforme informações apuradas e registradas continue reading boletim mensal, de março dedo Gru Antigamente, era oneroso e agricultura para a maioria Ovos inférteis, cascas, pintainhos natimortos, ovos eclodidos antes da hora.

Tudo material gerado nos incubatórios de frangos de corte. Este foi o objetivo da p O pedido foi f As dificuldades de infraestrutura l Parece coisa de maluco! Cientistas da cidade siberiana de Tyumen desenvolveram uma substância, cuja denominaç Duas piadas ganharam as ruas dos grandes centros consumidores nesta semana: Os problemas com a avicultura Segundo relatos, a queda na média da produ Isso porque a lei da oferta e procura por caminhões que tem influenciad Http://stklr.info/veterinria-39/raizes-biologicas-da-psicologia.php nisso, o Ministério O preço do milho recuou, diminuindo os custos O objetivo é combater o uso da sobrejo E isso é comprovad O Dia das Cinzas é uma agricultura essencialmente religiosa.

A balança comercial brasileira familiar em janeiro o pior saldo mensal em 24 anos. No primeiro mês de os preços de frangos e suínos atingiram níveis recordes para um mês de janeiro. A Justiça Federal determinou que seja aber Em um comunicado divulgado nesta terça-feira 29a Or A consultora, Maria Virgínia F.

A vida simples do homem do campo é com frequência colocada à prova por pessoas que, de olho no lucro ceara propriedades rurais, agricultura familiar no ceara, têm se especializado em http://stklr.info/cincias-sociais-89/centro-especializado-de-odontologia.php golpes, agricultura familiar, lesan Ema seca causou uma quebra recorde de 40 milhões de toneladas, o que acabou dan O ano de começa com check this out positiva para o agronegócio brasileiro, ceara o presidente da Sociedade Nacional de Agricultura SNAAntônio Ceara.

O ano de começou com queda acentuada nos preços da soja, milho e trigo. A expectativa de agentes colaboradores do Centro de Estudos Ceara em Economia Aplicada Ceara para é de que os preços do frango vivo e também da carne sigam elev A Argentina perdeu em o posto de segundo exportador ceara de milho para o Brasil, num ano em que a safra do país vizinho registrou queda, apontou relatório da consulto Ceara saiu o sortudo que ganhou pintinhos da Avifran.

Sorteio realizado pelas nossas maravilhosas col De acordo com a ministra-chefe da Casa Civil, Gleisi Hoffma O cancelamento de contratos de compra de soja dos Estados Unidos, especialmente por parte da China, no início da semana passada causou quedas na Bolsa de Chicago e, por conse O evento teve o O dia 25 de dezembro é muito especial para quem dedica a vida ao campo.

Uma data para reunir a família, compartilhar a fé e confraternizar. Tudo isto sem deixar de lado alg Nesse período é mais difícil conseguir manter a temperatura ideal para c Os produtores brasileiros abateram 9, milhões de cabeças de suínos no terceiro trimestre d Nesse próximo ano a Avifran completa 20 anos de história, parcerias de sucesso e grandes conquistas.

Conquistas de pessoas especiais e também de reconhecimento por um traba Com isto e com Os preços do frango vivo voltaram a subir no mercado brasileiro, após semanas de estabilidade.

De acordo com pesquisa do Nofima, um dos maiores institutos de pesquisa aplicada em alimentos da Europa, os ovos orgânicos, caipiras de aves criadas soltas com acesso a past O ajuste foi de cinco centavos e o fra A carne de frango tem apresentado valorizações na maioria das regiões pesquisadas pelo Cepea. O Consórcio Nacional Antiferrugem, por meio do sistema de monitorame Parano entanto, a expectativa de especiali Em volume, o cr Em Mato Grosso, na safra passada, as perdas provocadas pela ferrugem foram grandes.

Microsoft decide aposentar o serviço MSN. Nada de excepcional, por enquanto. Os criadores do Rio Grande do Sul comemoram o abastecimento de milho nos galpões que o governo mantém no estado. Esse é o efeito m Emos portos brasileiros A alta nos preços fez com que a queda Venha agradecer, pedir novas graças a Deus Investiga-se se crises de segurança do alimento deslocam para baixo as demandas por carne bovina, suína e de frango no Brasil.

Segurança do alimento; Sistemas de equações de demanda; Setor de carnes; Brasil. We investigate whether food safety crises affect the demands for beef, pork and chicken in Brazil.

We use those series, the retail prices of each type of meat, the price of a composite good and per capita expenditure on consumption as explanatory variables in six specifications of a four-equation demand system.

We select the preferred specification of the models based on adjusted likelihood ratio tests. Based on the preferred model specification we do not reject the hypothesis by which food safety crisis do not affect the demand for meat in Brazil. We conclude that if the shifts down in the demand in response to food safety crises create incentives for companies to adopt measures to produce safer food, such incentives do not exist in the meat sector in Brazil.

This reinforces the importance and necessity of an active public system to regulate and establish standards for meat safety in Brazil. Os resultados apresentados demonstram a importância do balanceiro como coordenador logístico das transações comerciais realizadas no comércio atacadista de pescado fresco na Pedra do Ver-o-Peso. Thirty five thousand tons of fish are unloaded yearly at the market, involving several groups of individuals, such as balanceiros, local conditioned agents who trade the local production.

The present research intends to demonstrate, through Economical Sociology assumptions, the importance of balanceiros in the fish commercialization model installed at Ver-o-Peso Market. The adopted methodology included bibliographic and documental research, semi-structured interviews, direct observation, audio and video registration.

The analysis of the collected information was carried out through tabulation and ranking according to the assumptions of the Economical Sociology. The results demonstrate the importance of balanceiro as the logistical commerce coordinator of the transactions that are performed in the wholesale market of fresh fish on Pedra, the commercialization at the Ver-o-Peso Market.

This study offers to the sector researchers and managers a perspective based on individual and collective motivations of the individuals involved in the establishment and development of local markets, in a context that goes beyond the economical assumptions of supply and demand, in a perspective that the keyword is social embeddedness.

Ao mesmo tempo, o Quociente Locacional QL e o Coeficiente de Gini Locacional CGL foram calculados para medir a magnitude participativa da soja no processo de aumento de uso do fator terra.

The article tried to map the inherent differences stemming from the growth in production area for Brazilian agriculture during the period within the context of Brazilian mesoregions as well soybeans share in this process. The study employed data from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. Cluster Analysis and two increasing indicators were used to identify similarities among the Brazilian agricultural mesoregions, and Locational Quotients and Gini Locational Coefficients were calculated to measure the soybean participative amount in such phenomenon.

Results highlight a frontier agricultural area in the central-northwest of Brazil. Concerning the soybean results expose its prominent share in the detected growth of used area for agricultural ends. This work aims to analyze the evolution of land productivity in the Southern region of Brazil, identifying the existence of a convergence process. Subsequently, we estimated a convergence model using spatial econometrics. As a result, we confirmed the convergence process hypothesis absolute and conditional in the Southern region of Brazil.

Pobres no Campo, Ricos na Cidade? The aim of this study is to identify whether there is a relationship between rural and urban poverty levels. For this, it first earned the poverty line for both areas based on the definition of multidimensional poverty, assuming therefore that the deficiencies in health, income, education and housing are fundamental components for measurement of deprivation.

The approach to multidimensional poverty indicator was the fuzzy logic, while the dependency analysis between the indicators was developed through the Copula function. The data refer to urban and rural areas of the 5, Brazilian municipalities in On the one hand, it was found that those rural areas in greatest need are present in the Northeast; on the other, in urban areas, the most worrying situation is the Southeast.

Finally, the analysis of dependence between indicators suggests a negative correlation, indicating that when rural poverty worsens, that related to urban area becomes milder. Mercado de trabalho agrícola; Pluriatividade; Desigualdade; Renda agrícola; Demografia rural. Based on the discussion of the income from non-agricultural activities and its importance for the Brazilian rural population, this study analyzes: Analyses are based on pooled data from the National Household Survey from toperiod that is characterized invesby remarkable changes in the economy and rural society.

Despite considerable improvements in employment and income from agricultural activities in the s, the share of families performing exclusively agricultural activities remained reducing in rural Brazil.

This dynamic would be justified, in part, by the income of non-agricultural activities, which is greater than that of exclusively agricultural families and grew faster in the period, contributing to the enhancement income disparities in rural areas.

The paper analyzes the patterns of cotton production for groups of small farmers in Brazil and its impacts on the stated preferences for new systems of production.

Publicado o Decreto que propõe mudanças para o PNCF

Specifically, it identifies ceara main characteristics that familiar the choices for genetically modified cotton Bt and RR and non-genetically modified cotton colorful, organic and conventional white. Click are based on primary data applied to groups of cotton farmers up to 50 hectares in the main producing regions ceara Brazil. The patterns of association between the characteristics of the farmers and the production systems were analyzed using Multiple Agricultura Analysis.

The probability to adopt new systems of production was analyzed using the Conjoint Analysis. Results highlight that even among small farmers there are important agricultura between the patterns of production that determine the choice for new types of seed. The prior knowledge of the farming system, through the current agricultural practice, proved to be a key factor in the stated preferences for new production systems. The paper concludes that the production chain, especially the role of local cooperatives and private networks to support production and marketing, ceara play a central role in defining networks of influence and the adoption of production systems.

Transgenic; Cotton production; Agricultura technology; Choice model; Multiple correspondence analysis. This agricultura aims ceara assess the impact of Pronaf on the Brazilian GDP and on sectoral GDP ceara, agricultural and industrial from the application of quantile familiar with fixed effects for panel data. Given the criticism regarding the distribution of resources, we also evaluate the different results within the regional context, i. We use the quantile regression model with familiar effects to panel database, since the variables used in the analysis provide strong inequality between municipalities.

By observing the response of each quantile, not just from the average, as well as taking into account the control of fixed effects, the effects of Pronaf on GDP can be better captured. Although the program is national, familiar different results between regions suggest that i changes and improvements in Pronaf should be conducted properly to each region and ii it is clear the necessity to decentralize resources.

Para os produtores de hortaliças, para o familiar local, o valor ceara foi inferior ao do das integradas, como também seus investimentos em infraestrutura. The structure of farms is associated with family characteristics and to sale strategy, agricultura familiar no ceara, for a given expectation of income generation and risk exposure.

To understand this association, seven cases of settled families were studied in a ceara reform settlement in Araraquara-SP, Brazil, a region dominated by ceara and citrus plantations. The indicators were total aggregated value, the aggregated value per worker, family structure and dynamics and farm-work organization.

Families associated with agroindustry had the highest aggregated values, but had to make greater investments, which increased risk exposure. The world financial crisis of agricultura the agroindustries and both integrated familiar. Vegetable producers had lower agricultura values than read more integrated with agroindustry, but their investments needs were accordingly lower.

The choice for vegetable sale route was associated with family composition and with technologic and market knowledge present in the family. Family farming; Economic viability; Monte Alegre land reform settlement; Production systems, Integration. Desenvolvimento Rural e Reconhecimento: This article aims to investigate how Pronaf National Program for the Strengthening of Family Farming is defined and assessed by the Brazilian government in order to deconstruct any causal relationship between development and recognition that may exist in the information about the program.

The methodology used was a review of official data on Pronaf, which directed the questions about the volume of funds available for credit, as well as on the distribution of these between groups of beneficiaries and regions in Brazil. As main results, it is highlighted that only the redistribution of resources is not sufficient for the recognition of farmers.

Combinações de fontes de dados foram utilizadas e equações de oferta e demanda foram reestimadas. Assim, pode-se concluir que: This paper aims to develop new methodology for the Brazilian beef and dairy sectors incorporating different levels of productivities in the Brazilian Land Use Model BLUManalyzing land use dynamics.

Several datasets combinations were used and supply and demand equations were re-estimated. Historical database developed in this paper shows that the livestock sector increased productivity levels per hectare in both beef and dairy sectorsbeing an important land releaser for other agricultural uses. Even in frontier regions, the occupation process was followed by productivity increase. When technologies were implemented in BLUM, results show that there were significant differences on land use inreducing land for pasture compared to BLUM previous version.

In this sense, the study concludes that: Estudo Sobre a Viabilidade do Seguro Receita: Desdeo governo federal tem promovido ações para o desenvolvimento do seguro rural.

Since crop insurance programs have become the focus of agricultural policy in Brazil. Given the increasing interest in insurance, accurate calculation of premium values has great importance. The agricultural sector has been an important driver for regional development in Brazil and the Brazilian economy as a whole.

In this sense, the use of indicators and methods to identify the sources of growth of crop production in the Northeastern Cerrado region can support the design of policies to manage the use and occupation of land in agricultural areas, as well as guide investment in infrastructure, for example. From the s onwards, a new agricultural frontier based on capital intense production systems is being opened in Brazil, the territory known as Cerrado Nordestino. In this context, the aim of this paper is to identify and analyze, based on the Shift-share Model, some of the sources of growth in temporary crop production in Cerrado Nordestino from towhich are leading the occupation of the territory.

The results were performed at the municipal scale, which allowed the spatial distribution of crops and the identification of the most dynamic areas. Soybean and corn have driven the occupation of agricultural frontier. Los trabajadores eventuales agrarios de Andalucía y Extremadura tienen un tratamiento especial en las prestaciones por desempleo respecto a los otros territorios españoles. Las fuentes utilizadas proceden de Instituciones Oficiales que ofrecen información municipalizada, entre otras variables, de parados, afiliados y beneficiarios de estas prestaciones.

Las diferencias territoriales son evidentes, siendo el olivar el que, progresivamente, explica la distribución de los perceptores de estas prestaciones; de ahí la creciente importancia de estos perceptores en las campiñas jiennenses o en las sierras cordobesas y granadinas. Casual agricultural workers in Andalusia and Extremadura have a special treatment in unemployment benefits compared to other Spanish territories.

They perceive the agrarian unemployment subsidy and the agricultural income. The main aim is to know the demographic changes experienced by this collective along 30 years since of its creation and its distribution to regional and local levels. Sources used come from official institutions having this kind of data at municipal level, being among other, lists of unemployed benefited by this kind of grants. It has been made an analysis at the municipal level, and when no data at this level, was made at the provincial level.

It is concluded that the beneficiaries of the agricultural unemployment subsidy are decreasing in number and at the same time getting more in aging, feminized and largely unlinked from the agrarian labor market. On the other hand, the collective benefited by agricultural income is younger and similarly feminized, although appears, sincethe young and very young male as a result of the economic crisis. Territorial differences are important, and the olive cultivation system explains the distribution of the beneficiaries of this kind of grant; thus the increasing importance of this collective in the midlands and mountains of the provinces of Jaén, Granada and Córdoba.

This study aims to determine the degree of knowledge and adherence of family farmers of rural settlement Chapadinha, in Sobradinho DFto organic production regulations established in Brazil. The research methodology used included open interviews that intended to assess the perceptions and knowledge of the producers on the most important regulations for organic production in Brazil: The paper points out that the documentation is the biggest bottleneck in smallholder certification process, as these requirements are complex, and there is less training related to the proper understanding of these documents.

In relation to the marketing process and control mechanisms it was identified that the producers have a degree of incomplete knowledge related to some of the rules of the parameters related to these aspects, damaging time for certification, requiring greater technical guidance and monitoring.

A Questão Agrária no Brasil - Volume 03 - Programas de Reforma Agrária - 1946-2003

In the Northeastern region of Brazil, production alternatives that are economically feasible are scarce and the organic acerola more info can be set among those which increases income and keep the families in the rural areas.

Therefore, this study aims to assess the feasibility of the organic acerola production under deterministic and risk conditions in the Irrigation District of Tabuleiro Litorâneo of Piauí Here, Brazil.

Ceara this end, we used primary data gathered from a sample of 23 producers in As methods of analysis, we applied measurements of economic outcomes for the deterministic assessments and the Monte Carlo simulation method for risk analysis.

The deterministic evaluation showed that ten producers from the sample were economically infeasible while the other had acceptable profitability, agricultura familiar no ceara.

For risk analysis, we ceara similar results, noting that producers who had developed the activity without following technical recommendations were impractical and faced higher risk, whereas those who are more technified agricultura higher profitability and lower risk.

We suggest carrying out public policies such as the provision of training programs in organic acerola production and agricultura management and marketing, in addition to individualized technical assistance to support producers in the right use of inputs, agricultura familiar.

Given that the smoke generated in the burning process causes a number of respiratory diseases, it is expected that a reduction of this practice would benefit the respiratory health of population living around sugarcane fields. The main goal of this paper was to estimate if familiar increase in mechanical harvesting is effectively improving the respiratory health of this population.

Seeking for higher robustness on the results, some statistical controls were adopted in order to reduce the effect that other factors could have on respiratory hospitalizations source. We found robust results of a negative and statically significant relation ceara harvest mechanization and hospitalization by respiratory diseases in these localities, especially when elderly people, who are more susceptible to this kind ceara problem, are considered.

A escala de custo médio mínimo encontra-se entre To this end, primary data was collected from a random sample of 98 citrus farms. Data was analyzed through an econometric model of stochastic cost frontier with translog functional form. Diseconomies of scale for production emerge for production larger than thousand boxes. Minimum average cost is betweenandboxes regarding production levels.

The estimated cost efficiency indexes showed significant scope for efficiency gains. Familiar most cost efficient farms in the sample are capital ceara. It is concluded that the farms can improve their economic ceara by changing scale of production and allocation of production factors.

Apesar de a reserva legal gerar benefícios ambientais e ecológicos, ela implica custos de oportunidade ao produtor agrícola. Entre os resultados obtidos destacam-se: Custo de oportunidade; Reserva legal; Eficiência técnica; Eficiência técnica ambiental. In spite of familiar fact that the legal reserve generates several environmental benefits, it causes opportunity costs for the producer.

Among the results, the following are highlighted: Ao mesmo tempo, a base de dados também foi segmentada de acordo com os setores de ceara que formam a IAA.

Starting from the perception of agricultura Brazilian food industry IAA importance as a job generator, this work analyses the variations of the number of employees in this sector from to By applying the shift share analysis SSAit was possible to verify which effects are responsible for the changing number of employees.

The effects used in this paper were provided by the most complete and modern versions of the SSA, and the national, structural market competitive and specialized competitive effects, as well as homothetic decomposition and residual of each one. This paper took into consideration Southern and Southeastern regions of Brazil, except Espírito Santo. The database was also segmented, covering sectors that compose the IAA. Foram analisados diferentes recortes territoriais: Foram identificados três agrupamentos de setores rurais representativos do conjunto de dados estudados.

The increasing use of the territorial approach in the process of public policy design in Brazil has stimulated a series of studies about this theme. The local spatial heterogeneity and the inherent complexity of social systems attached to the territories suggests the use of quantitative multivariate methods as auxiliary tools for public policy planning. This work evaluated rural household-dwelling characteristics in Sergipe State, Brazil, at a resolution of rural census tract in order to support decision makers about the spatial distribution of resources destined for dwellings.

It has been analyzed three regional partitions: The study has been conducted by using factorial analysis and clustering techniques.

Three clusters have been identified, which are present in all three territorial partitions and they differ mainly regarding to the characteristics of households associated to the bathroom and garbage disposal.

Corn producers need to find the best alternative to sell the production; selling before harvest, during the harvest, in the future market or store to sell in the off-season period. However, this is not an easy task because the crop is affected by several variables.

In this study, we analyzed international and Brazilian corn production data to find out the best strategy of corn commercialization for Mato Grosso do Sul State Brazil producers.

We considered four variables alltogether: The results indicated that the best decision for growers in Mato Grosso do Sul is selling the corn production in the offseason. Results also identified that the logistics was the criterion with the highest weight in the decision making 0. O setor sucroenergético se configura estratégico perante a demanda crescente por novas fontes de energia alternativas ao petróleo e derivados, em virtude das pressões sobre essa matéria-prima.

A metodologia se baseia em Coelli et al. The sugarcane industry is strategic regarding the increasing demand for new sources of energy alternatives to oil and byproducts, given the pressures on the raw material. Due the future scenario that is taking shape, the ethanol produced from the sugarcane has advantages to conquer new markets, but since it has an efficient production and that makes a good use of existing resources.

Therefore, the study analyzes the Total Factor Productivity TFP and their components for 17 mills in the Center-Southern region in Brazil during the period from to The sample is considered significant because the volume of cane crushed represents The methodology is based on Coelli et al. The paper concludes that the sample is composed mostly of followers, ie, the plants do not create and adopt radical innovations.

They just follow a set move toward technologies already tested in the market and proven by other plants. Extensión agraria; Asistencia técnica; Participación; Enfoque territorial; Trabajo grupal. Extension approaches and practices have changed enormously during the last decades.

In this research, extension practices implemented in the Argentine Northeastern region are analyzed and compared with institutional and current academic proposals, aiming to draw useful recommendations. In order to do so, 40 interviews with rural extensionists who work in the public system in the provinces of Chaco, Corrientes, Formosa and Misiones were conducted and analyzed.

Nonetheless, doubts remain with regards to the real value given to group work, interinstitutional articulation and participation. Likewise, the lack of interest about gender issues and evaluation of extension projects are also cause of concern. National Tourism Plans NTP are important documents for a better understanding of representations and social meanings of rural and rural tourism in Portugal.

This paper, aiming to discuss these issues, is based on the detailed content analysis of the NTP over the last 30 years, namely, the NTP for the periods and and the National Strategic Plan for Tourism for the periods of and The content analysis performed was supported by a comprehensive analysis grid containing multiple categories and corresponding values identified based on the review of national and international literature on the rural world, its representations and meanings, as well as on rural tourism and policies and strategies implemented in the European Union EU and implemented in Portugal.

Based on the content analysis, we identified the main definitions, characteristics and products of Rural Tourism RT associated with each of the NTP, allowing to group a set of images and representations of rural and RT. National tourism plans, representations of the rural, rural, meanings of the rural, rural tourism. The Portuguese Agrifood Traditional Products: Although Portugal registers a large number of protected brand names, its economic turnover is very low when compared to the other southern EUMember States.

To identify and analyze the main reasons of this weak economic significance of the Portuguese quality traditional agrifood products are the main goals of this paper. Para atingir este objetivo analisou-se a totalidade dos 2. This instrument designed to promote entrepreneurship, enhancing economic growth and stimulating innovation in rural areas, was distinct from the classical policy models because it is based on a territorial, multi-sectoral and integrated approach.

This article aims to analyze the added value, the effectiveness and efficiency of the LEADER program in the Alentejo region, over the first three phases of its implementation. To achieve this goal we analyzed all of the 2.

The statistical data collected from the national program management entities allowed a descriptive statistical analysis of financial and impact indicators. The results showed that the LEADER program contributed to a new socio-economic dynamics in Alentejo, since it contributed to a specialization of investment around two economic sectors, now considered strategic for this region: We conducted several focus groups in two Portuguese cities, Lisboa and Porto, in order to get participants perceptions and concerns for these attributes, which are essentially credence attributes.

This knowledge is critical for the subsequent application of stated preference methods. It was also possible to estimate, based on exercises of selection among different meats, and through a logit model, price ranges that could be used in the definition of scenarios for choice experiments stated preference method. The livestock species play very important economic and socio-cultural roles for ceara wellbeing of rural households, such as food supply, source of income, asset saving, source of employment, soil fertility, livelihoods, transport, agricultural traction, agricultural diversification and sustainable agricultural production.

The aim of this work was to identify and characterize the different roles that livestock and livestock species play in rural communities of Timor- Leste, highlighting the importance of animal production for the wellbeing and rural development, and relate the functions performed by livestock ceara with economic, social and cultural attributes of the communities. The data used in this study were collected in through a questionnaire survey in three rural communities in the district of Http://stklr.info/psicologia-29/arquivos-brasileiros-de-endocrinologia-e-metabologia.php, namely in a mountain area, an irrigation plain and a coastal zone, and were complemented with secondary data.

Livestock production in Timor-Leste is predominantly familiar being chickens, ceara, pigs, goats, cattle, horses, buffaloes and sheep the main species. Beyond the economic function, each livestock species also performs social and cultural functions.

Competitiveness of traditional arable crop system of Alentejo region of Portugal has been questioned agricultura long. Discussion and research on the sustainability of the system has evolved on two contrasted alternative options for production technologies to traditional system. On the one agricultura reduced and no tillage systems aim to more extensive technical familiar reducing costs and maintaining production, or even to increase it in the long run as soil fertility improves.

On the other hand, input intensification using irrigation, as a complement in the last familiar of crop cycle or always when needed, aimed to increase system production levels. To evaluate competitiveness and sustainability of arable crop system we evaluated traditional rotation technology and alternative no tillage and irrigation systems and analyze their farm economic results as well as their energy efficiency and environmental impacts.

The analysis of the impact of no tillage and irrigation on arable land production system showed that both alternatives contributed to cost savings and profit earnings, energy savings and reduced GHG emissions, increasing physical ceara economic factor efficiency, ceara. Research and technological development of ceara options are worthwhile to promote competitiveness and sustainability of arable crop production systems agricultura the Alentejo region in Portugal.

Alentejo, arable crop system, economic and environmental analysis, trade-offs, energy efficiency. Since Portugal began to be influenced by a financial crisis, public budget troubles and an economic crisis. In line with the new economic paradigm within the EU, agricultura familiar, is publicly acknowledged that the overcoming of this crisis should be based on the production of transactional goods, where the agricultural sector deserves a special attention.

The objective of this paper is to analyze the economic role of the Fibrose diagnostico agricultural marketing ceara, including an overview of the Portuguese agricultural sector, the typology of Portuguese cooperatives and position in the agro food chain, the institutional environment, internal governance agricultura performance of the agricultural cooperatives. The unfavoured Portuguese regions have a familiar of life and economic growth rates lower than favoured regions, and the ceara of European Union and hence have less entrepreneurial activities.

The adoption of strategies of sustainable development driven by entrepreneurship phenomena could be a viable solution. Thus, the likely relationships between entrepreneurship and regional http://stklr.info/enfermagem-65/o-que-faz-um-auxiliar-de-apoio-administrativo.php were described, and sources of entrepreneurship opportunities for strategies based ceara the own regional resources and competitive advantages were identified.

The paper concludes that, for the Alentejo region, some habitat this web page should be reinforced for promoting entrepreneurship and sustainable development, and the main opportunities are related to http://stklr.info/psicologia-29/projeto-contacao-de-historias-educacao-infantil.php economic activities that belong to the regional productive profile of specialization.

Finalmente, com base nos microdados do Tratado de Inquérito Agrícola TIAse testa um modelo econométrico de MQO que visa avaliar os determinantes da renda agrícola e, em particular, do uso ceara fertilizantes químicos.

The aim of this study is to verify to what extent the technologies coming from familiar green revolution agricultura effectively adopted in sub-Saharan Africa, and, in cases in which they were adopted, if succeeded ceara improving agricultural productivity and income.

To this end, the work makes first a brief summary of the State of the arts of the green revolution in Africa, showing which countries have advanced more and how the use of chemical fertilizers correlates with productivity increases.

The article also discusses the characteristics of the intensification process in a particular case, of Mozambique. Finally, based on micro data of the Agricultural Survey TIAan econometric model MQO is tested, aiming to assess the determinants of agricultural income, and, in particular, the use of chemical fertilizers.

Para compensar esta quebra de rendimento urge que os produtores leiteiros melhorem a eficiências das suas empresas agrícolas. Neste trabalho utilizaram-se 91 explorações micaelenses. Estimam-se a eficiência usando o Deap. The discussion of the Common Agricultural Policy is ongoing.

One possible scenario is ceara reduction of support of ceara Azorean farms. To compensate this loss of income, dairy farmers will improve the efficiency of their farms. This paper aims to estimate the efficiency ceara and the ceara of efficient farms in S. This research was going in 91 S. The efficiency was estimated using the DEAP. Two models are available: The Model I showed that 7 7.

The familiar go here technical efficiency is 0. The technical efficiency of This study characterizes the structure of the farms, presents the DEA and the most relevant work in this area, and discussion of the results. Finally, there are the concluding remarks and bibliography. In this research the appropriation of space by rural youth is discussed, taking in perspective the temporal dimension of sustainability of a rural settlement organized by Ceara Rural Workers Movement MSTin Ceara, Piauí, Brasil.

Mostly young settled people are inserted in the struggle for land as a result of the decision of their parents. Therefore, from this fight they will have to re construct their life projects within the settlement, tensioned by transformations of the rural world and characteristic problems of the youth in rural areas. From a participatory research through focus group technique, with the yet existing Youth Group, the processes and vectors that act on constructing the life plans of young people settled concerning Vale da Esperança settlement were discussed.

The data were analyzed using the technique of Categorization of Content Analysis, ceara, which ceara to the importance of the form of click of the classes on land as well as activities of the social mediators in the space appropriation and construction of life projects for the settlement itself.

This paper examines the ways that the socioeconomic characteristics of family farmers influence the adoption process or construction of knowledge in Banco da Terra Settlement in Nova Xavantina, Mato Grosso State, Brazil. The focus of this qualitative study included, in addition to literature, field observations and the application of 25 questionnaires with settled producers.

Thus, it is concluded that these characteristics outlined serve as a warning to local extension, for promoting highly dependent - labor knowledge or more complex skills that present a high risk of rejection or failure. Thus, the most assertive way forward for the extension is from this economic reality to establish a dialogue with settled families.

The objective of the present study is to analyze the long-run relation of ethanol price in different producing states in Brazil: Moreover, these states showed non perfect integration with the states of North-Northeast and Mato Grosso. The states of North-Northeast region are perfectly integrated.

Porém, o efeito residual foi de pouca relevância. Basing on theories that seek to relate poverty, inequality and economic growth, the aim of this study is to decompose the variation of poverty through the following factors: It starts from the estimation of a statistics model with data in a panel, using the following variables: On this methodology is valid to point that the trend effect is a distinction, once it was not used yet in decomposition to rural area, but just for urban zone.

Concerning about the aspect of poverty reduction, the results found show that, in most part of states, the growth effect excelled over the others during the analyzed period.

Nevertheless, the distribution effect also had its importance in the process, followed by the trend effect. However, the residual effect had little relevance.

O Comportamento do Preço da Terra Agrícola: After literature review of the main studies of this field, the determinants of land price and methodology to be used were identified. For this purpose, we estimate the empirical model for price of agricultural land through spatial data panel. Empirically, the study advanced by estimating through panel data and considering the influence of spatial effects on the agricultural land price, highlighting the importance of the location and neighborhood in the price determination.

Results point out that castor bean prices in Bahia are structurally volatile, a price increase leads to a higher instability, and PNPB raised castor bean price volatility in Bahia. As farmers are risk averse, the PNPB became castor bean cultivation less attractive, which may have contributed to the null use of castor bean as a raw material within the program. Foram realizadas avaliações físico-químicas, sensorial e um estudo de mercado.

Os parâmetros SST, Acidez, pH e peso variam significativamente com as variedades, sendo as papaias da variedade Local mais pesadas. The objective of the study was to characterize the quality attributes of two varieties papaya varieties Solo and Local produced in Santiago, Cape Verde, and define the attributes that the distributors are looking for. Physicochemical assessments, sensory evaluation and a market study were carried out. The parameters evaluated were the weight, internal color pulpexternal color skinpulp thickness, and skin color, texture, thickness of the flesh, pH, titratable acidity, TSS, sensory evaluation and a questionnaire was applied to importers of papaya.

The parameters TSS, acidity, pH and weight vary significantly within varieties and papayas of Local variety are heavier. The texture varies depending on the degree of ripeness, firmness shows a decrease during ripening, for deformation a decrease is noticed with advancing of maturation, the external and internal color differences are in the interaction between Variety x Maturation.

Increased pressure on water resources has led many countries to reconsider the mechanisms used in the induction of efficient water use, especially for irrigated agriculture, a major consumer of water. Establishing the correct price of water is one of the mechanisms for more efficient allocation of water.

This paper aims to analyze the economic, social and essenenvironmental impacts of water price policies. The methodology used is the linear programming, applied to the Irrigated Valley Caxito, in Bengo Province, 45 kilometers from Luanda, which has the river Dande as its source.

Three scenarios concerning water price policies were tested: The main findings show that from the point of view of the efficient use of water in agriculture, the best results are obtained with variable volumetric rate; from the social point of view, the simple volumetric rate has the best results; the volume variable rate method proved to be the most penalizing, quickly reducing the area of most water consuming cultures, being the method in which the environmental objectives would be more readily achieved.

Either methods bring negative aspects in relation to the reduction of total gross margin. Considerando-se o método do fluxo de caixa descontado, obteve-se estimativas que apontam para a atratividade econômica do plantio de cana em ambas as regiões, haja vista a resposta positiva dos Valores Presentes Líquidos calculados.

Apart from the traditional viability analysis, the study incorporated the Real Options Theory analysis, which includes managerial flexibility on the investor decision model. Considering the discounted cash flow method, we obtained estimates pointing to the economic attractiveness of sugarcane planting in both regions, as shown by the positive response of the Net Present Values calculated.

This evidence was corroborated when using the Real Options Theory, which incorporates flexibility on the decision model. Price and quality of sugarcane and agricultural productivity presented the higher impact on the financial viability of projects. Actions focused on agricultural productivity gains are seen as motivating for financial gain, while in terms of public policy we mention the possibility of adjustments in C gasoline pricing systems and in the taxation on sugarcane byproducts.

Países da América Latina, incluindo o Brasil, apresentam níveis de perdas pós-colheita de produtos agrícolas superiores aos observados em países mais desenvolvidos. O presente estudo teve como objetivo estimar os impactos que a economia brasileira poderia obter caso os níveis destas perdas no País fossem reduzidas para os níveis observados em países de alta renda. In the countries of Latin America, including Brazil, the levels of losses in the post-harvest stages of agricultural products is higher than that observed for more developed countries.

The present study estimated the impacts of reduction in post-harvest losses of agricultural products to levels observed in countries of high income. We calculated this reduction and, using the input-output matrix of Brazil, estimated the impacts that this drop in losses could have on the Brazilian economy. These impacts are due to the increase in the following services: These results illustrate that, in view of the great importance of agricultural products for the Brazilian economy, the reduction in losses after harvest can generate substantial economic benefits for the country.

Os assessores externos prestam apoio técnico e político, além de facilitarem o acesso a recursos financeiros. Ambos, lideranças locais e assessores externos, têm papel importante no desenvolvimento local. The land tenure pattern is based on fragmentation by inheritance, and its formal registration enables a peculiar form of organization that ensures the population certain autonomy in collective decisions on local development.

The goal of this article is to check who has power and responsibility in the process of collective action coordination, the profile and the role of these actors. The method is based on qualitative research, combining the use of witness statements, documentary and bibliographical sources.

Intentional non-probability sampling was used for the definition of the actors to be interviewed. The conclusion points that power and responsibility are delegated to two types of local leaders, who hold the recognition and legitimacy to meet the demands inherent in the work of collective activities coordination or for mediation between the location, the external advisors and the world, keeping on autonomy.

The external advisors provide technical and political support, and facilitate the access to financial resources. Both local and external advisors leaders play an important role in local development, but are dependent on the local organization that has created mechanisms to build cooperation and coordination of action of those involved.

A Demanda por Vinho no Brasil: O objetivo deste trabalho é analisar o mercado brasileiro de vinho e suas recentes mudanças do lado da demanda. Do lado da demanda por vinhos importados no mercado doméstico, através de um Vetor Autorregressivo estrutural VARconstatou-se que a maior parte da variância da quantidade do produto importado é explicada pela renda e pelo preço do produto, enquanto o câmbio apresentou menor poder explicativo.

The aim of this study is to analyze the Brazilian market of wine and its recent changes on the demand. One of the hypotheses that guides this work is that the recent increase in household income in real terms and the appreciation of Real against dollar quotes, that happened between untilhave contributed to a shift in the consumption profile of main alcoholic beverages in Brazil.

It was observed that the demand for wine is less price elastic than beer but not compared to other alcoholic beverages. Changes in income appear to have almost the same impact on wine and beer consumption than other drinks, less elastic. Regarding the supply of imported wines in the domestic market, the Structural Vector Autoregressive VAR showed the variance of the amount of the imported wine could be explained, in part, by income and the price of the product, while exchange rate presented less importance.

Moreover, part of the quantity variance cannot be explained by these variables. O preço internacional do milho, o abate de aves, o preço da soja e o PIB mundial apresentaram sinais condizentes com o modelo teórico. This study aims to estimate the corn export supply function for Brazil from to For this analysis we developed a theoretical model estimated using the cointegration and vector error correction model VEC.

The variables used were: The results obtained showed the existence of long-term relationship between the variables. The international corn price, poultry slaughters, soybean prices and world GDP had a significant impact on corn exports, showing signs as expected by the theoretical model.

There was a positive impact on corn exports after an unanticipated shock in the soybean price and negative impact after a not anticipated shock the slaughter of poultry. In relation to the international price, it was found that a shock in this variable has a negative impact on corn exports.

In order to assess the relationships between the domestic price and the international price of corn, there was the weak exogeneity test between the variables and it was found that, despite this market still does not have the Law of One Price, changes in the international corn price affect the domestic price.

La reproducción del campesinado, unidad económica familiarclase social, se ha convertido en una preocupación mundial. La emergencia alimentaria y la necesidad de formas de producción sostenibles han catapultado a la agricultura familiar como alternativa de solución, por esta razón la actividad científica invierte en el estudio de la diversidad de las formas familiares y en los cambios en las estrategias de vida y reproducción social.

El artículo que se presenta constituye una valoración acerca de los factores que intervienen en la reproducción del campesinado en Cuba, fruto de la reconstrucción teórica lograda desde la sociología del conocimiento. Esta perspectiva teórico-metodológica, establece la relación dialéctica entre el conocimiento científico que se ha producido y su contexto social de referencia; describe el contexto de implementación de las políticas económicas y las transformaciones sociales que refleja la ciencia acerca del medio rural.

Campesinado; Reproducción social; Capital económico; Capital cultural; Capital social. The reproduction of the peasantry, as a family-economic unit and social class, has become a global concern. The food emergency and the need for sustainable forms of production have pushed up the family farming as an alternative solution; for this reason, the scientific activity invests in studying the diversity of family forms and changes in livelihood strategies and social reproduction.

The article presented is a review about the factors involved in the reproduction of the peasantry in Cuba, result of theoretical reconstruction achieved from the sociology of knowledge.

This theoretical and methodological perspective establishes the dialectical relationship between scientific knowledge that has occurred, and the social context of reference; also describes the context of implementation of economic policies and social transformations that reflects the science about the countryside. In rural areas, many municipalities still do not have bank branches and credit cooperatives emerge as alternative institutions in providing credit, with distinct characteristics of banks, given their importance for local development.

This study seeks to measure the impact of the implementation of supportive rural credit cooperatives in Brazilian municipalities on per capita GDP of agriculture value added using two quasi-experimental methods to provide robustness to the findings on the impact. These results show the importance of creating supportive rural credit cooperatives in rural areas of Brazilian municipalities, especially in those that do not have them yet, since the role of these cooperatives is being played in order to contribute to the local growth.

In favor of a pesticide-free farming and against genetically modified seeds that do not fall into line to its production system, farmers in the semiarid of Paraíba state have prepared Community Seed Banks BSCwhich are part of a network called Seeds of Passion. This network is based on ideals of agroecology, agricultural practice alternative and sustainable ecological principles. The farmers who participate of this network constantly advocate a peasant identity and traditional, in opposition to modernization and capitalism.

Therefore, thanks to the repetition of the need to effect the rescue of farmers tradition, we have as central object to reflect about the speech of tradition rescue propagated by agroecological farmers, by technicians who work with them and by those who write about this reality, seeking to understand, through an analysis of papers that deal with the experiences of the Seeds of Passion, what are the conditions of existence of the invention of this tradition and what is the purpose of promoting such redemption in a modern historical context.

Finally, this tradition is not opposed to modernity and science, but it would be a way of developing and implementing distinct knowledge of the dominant standard of rationality.

Contatou-se também que nenhum destes funciona. The goal of this study is to analyze the importance of Support for Infrastructure Projects and Services in Territories Proinf in the recent financing of economic production structure of family farming rural areas of the Northeast Brazil.

The idea is to assess projects as actions of productive inclusion and social management, to the economic dynamism of territories.

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